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考生在托福写作中会出现哪些语言错误

广州环球雅思培训学校104人浏览发布日期:2020-03-03 18:39:20
考生在托福写作中会出现哪些语言错误?ETS在评判托福作文时采用的是综合评分的方式,即以作文的整体水平判分,虽然不纠结于小细节。但有些同学往往会在语言方面疏漏多多,问题明显到影响了考官整体评断的程度,那即便你的思路和论证属于,最多也只能得个二流分数。今天小编就给大家介绍下考生在托福写作中会出现哪些语言错误。
考生在托福写作中会出现的语言错误
1. 用词不当
原:The absence of groupwork is a disaster for teenagers in modern society.
改:The absence of teamwork is a disaster for teenagers in modern society.
评:groupwork是“分组”或者“小组集体任务”的意思。这位同学原本想说teamwork“团队合作”,却用了一个看起来很像,但实际完全不同的词,表达出来的意思就风马牛不相及了。
原:You will be dangerous if you keep moving without a clear view of the whole picture.
改:You will be in danger if you keep moving without a clear view of the whole picture.
评:dangerous表示所修饰的对象是“带来危险的,有危险性的”,而be in danger才是“身处险境”的意思。
到底谁才是威胁呢?
原:Firstly, the job, providing the opportunity for students to utilize what they learned in class, might effect their further development.
改:Firstly, the job, providing the opportunity for students to utilize what they learned in class, might affect their further development.
评:模样长得像,意思可不同了。这里想用动词affect表示“影响”,却误写为名词effect“效果”,一字千里啊!
2. 搭配错误
原:Nowadays, people are crazy pursuing to be excellent.
改:Nowadays, people are crazy about excellence.
评:这位同学显然记错了be crazy about sth. 这个用法,写出来的句子自然会出问题啦。
原:Besides, public speech can effectively increase your communication skills, which facilitate your salesman career.  
改:Besides, public speech can effectively improve your communication skills, which facilitate your salesman career.  
评:此处是一个明显的动宾搭配错误。“提高……技巧”应该是improve the skills,而不是increase the skills.  
3.词性错位  
原:I will forget my sad and pressure from the work and the study.  
改:I will forget my sadness and pressure from work and study.  
评:sad是形容词,而这里明显需要一个名词,应该是sadness。  
原:Although making money is a priority for most people, spending time with the family is equal significant.  
改:…, spending time with the family is equally significant.  
评:形容词significant前需要用副词来修饰,所以equal应该改成equally。  
4. 时态混乱  
原:Although I have no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job. 
改:Although I had no work experience when I was a teenager, I always dreamed about having a job. 
评:过去时的句子中冒出了现在时,同学你太粗心了,要仔细检查哦~
原:I would explain my view in the following paragraphs.
改:I’d like to explain… / I will explain…
评:可能是两种说法记混了吧,结果把时态搞错了……
5. 主谓不一致  
原:The way we deal with the environmental problems are crucial to the prosperity of human-being.  
改:The way we deal with the environmental problems is crucial to the prosperity of human-being.  
评:谓语之前有两个名词时,主谓搭配的问题就常常出现了。这里真正的主语应该是单数名词the way,所以与之搭配的谓语也应该是单数的is。  
6. 重复累赘  
原:From my point of view, I think this argument is quite limited since many other ways can also help learning a foreign country.
改:From my point of view, this argument is quite limited since many other ways can also help us learn a foreign country.  
评:from my point of view和I think重复啦,保留一个就好。当然这里建议留下更“高级”的from my point of view.  
原:There are the majority of people who deem that they like to spend money on things which can bring them long memory.  
改:Majority of the people like to spend money on things that can be memorized for long.  
评:中文句式说的“有很多人……”,但别一看到“有”就非要用there be句型不可哦,直接摆出主谓宾就行了。
  “things that can be memorized for long”,被动语态明显更地道~
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